Musica clásica para dormir bebes: Stream Efecto Mozart (Música clásica para bebés) — para dormir y calmar al bebé by Pau Nicolee

Musica clásica para dormir bebes: Stream Efecto Mozart (Música clásica para bebés) — para dormir y calmar al bebé by Pau Nicolee

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Lucy Ortega
@LucyBloguera

Una de las situaciones con las que batallamos algunos padres primerizos, es cuando llega el momento de dormir a nuestro bebé. Ya sea porque estamos cansados o porque nuestro bebé no parece relajarse aunque ambientemos la habitación para su siesta o su hora de dormir, en ocasiones necesitamos un poquito de apoyo.

Como la música es algo que ayuda a muchos bebés a relajarse y conciliar con mayor facilidad el sueño, hoy te tengo un pequeño obsequio: un playlist con 101 canciones para dormir a tu bebé.

Aplicaciones con sonidos relajantes

Afortunadamente con el apoyo de nuestros smartphones o tablets, encontrar un remedio para dormir al bebé puede ser más fácil y rápido de lo que pensamos. Anteriormente te había compartido en otro artículo una lista de nueve aplicaciones con música para relajar al bebé.

A diferencia de este nuevo playlist, esas aplicaciones incluían en su mayoría solo dos tipos de música: las clásicas nanas que todos conocemos y los sonidos rítmicos que se han hecho fama de ser mágicos cuando de dormir a nuestro bebé se trata, como el sonido de una secadora de cabello, el ritmo suave de una lavadora o el rumor de los coches.

Si bien estas dos opciones musicales funcionan para muchos bebés, también hay otras alternativas para ayudarles a relajarse y dormir, incluso canciones o melodías que no fueron compuestas con estos propósitos, pero que de igual manera vienen genial para la ocasión.

El efecto relajante de la música

La música es un arte que se caracteriza por organizar de manera sensible y ordenada los sonidos y los silencios, a fin de componer una pieza que nos resulte agradable. Si nos ponemos a pensar un poco, nos daremos cuenta que la música es el arte que nos acompaña en todas y cada una de nuestras emociones.

Una melodía alegre puede elevar nuestro estado de ánimo, mientras que otro tipo de composiciones nos ayudan a enfocarnos mejor para esos momentos en los que necesitamos estudiar o poner especial atención a ciertas cosas. Hay música para cada ocasión y sentimiento, y la música incluso puede ser una excelente terapia para nuestros niños en diversas situaciones.

Por lo tanto, no es de sorprender que uno de los beneficios de la música sea justamente el que este playlist que he creado: relajar y dormir. Regularmente la música que ayuda a calmar al bebé es aquella con sonidos y melodías suaves, que no incluye muchos cambios drásticos en el volumen ni en la velocidad del ritmo.

Ahora, si bien este es el tipo de música que relaja a la mayoría de los bebés (y en ocasiones también a nosotros cuando estamos ayudándolos a dormir), no necesariamente tienen que ser las clásicas nanas, en realidad esto puede variar mucho de bebé a bebé y habrá algunos que se relajen escuchando únicamente canciones de piano o algún otro instrumento en particular, como el ukelele.

Qué encontrarás en la playlist

Para esta playlist que he preparado con especial cariño y dedicación, he decidido incluir, además de algunas melodías conocidas y nanas clásicas, otro tipo de música que no necesariamente fue pensada para los bebés.

  • Música de piano. El piano es uno de los instrumentos que más se utilizan para las melodías que ayudan a la mente a despejarse y relajarnos. La mayoría de las canciones en este playlist son piezas suaves interpretadas en el piano.

  • Versiones suaves de canciones populares. Además de lo clásico, quise integrar algunas canciones modernas y conocidas. Podrás encontrar versiones instrumentales de algunas muy populares como «Someone like you» de Adele y «All of me» de John Legend o clásicos como «Yesterday» de The Beatles.

  • Banda sonora de películas. Algunas canciones de películas Disney han sido adaptadas al piano, dándonos magníficas y suaves interpretaciones de canciones clásicas que sin duda después identificarán nuestros peques. Mi favorita es «Colors of the wind» de Pocahontas y «A whole new world» de Aladdin.

  • Música para meditación. Por último, añadí a la lista música diseñada especialmente para meditar, cuyo propósito es relajarnos de manera profunda.

A continuación, el playlist con 101 canciones para dormir a tu bebé. Espero te sea útil, aunque debo advertirte: podrías quedarte dormido tú también.

Fotos | iStock
En Bebés y más | ¿Música clásica o rock para nuestro bebé?, 101 canciones pop rock para bebés: hay música más allá de las canciones infantiles

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Tipos de música relajante para dormir bebés

La música tiene la capacidad de alterar los estados de ánimo e incluso de permitir comunicarnos con alguien que ni si quiera habla nuestro mismo idioma. En el caso de los bebés son numerosos los estudios que apuntan a los beneficios que tiene ponerles un tipo de música u otra, tanto si están dormidos como despiertos. Hoy, en Bebé Seguro, nos vamos a centrar en los tipos de música para dormir bebés y te vamos a dar unos trucos para conseguirlo. ¡Adelante!

Dormirlos con “ruido blanco”

Alguna vez lo has podido escuchar, al igual que el ruido rosa, pero ¿en qué consiste el ruido blanco? Este tipo de sonido es el que resulta de juntar todas las frecuencias audibles para el ser humano, a la misma potencia y de manera constante. La suma de estas frecuencias crea el llamado ruido blanco, y “cubre” o “amortigua” otros sonidos que nos resultan molestos para conciliar el sueño o concentrarnos en una tarea. Es algo así lo que se busca en sesiones de meditación con los mantras, que tienen como objetivo crear o emular un patrón de sonido blanco para hacer que nuestro cerebro entre en un estado de relajación. ¿Y por qué se le llama blanco? No es más que un símil con el color blanco, que es el color resultante de la suma del resto de colores. Este sonido ha demostrado científicamente apaciguar la frecuencia de las ondas cerebrales y llevar a un estado de relajación a aquella persona que lo escuche (en la inmensa mayoría de los casos). Un ejemplo de ruido blanco es el propio sonido del coche en marcha, el ruido de la lluvia al caer o el de una lavadora en funcionamiento. Puedes escuchar un ejemplo de ruido blanco aquí.

¿Probamos con música clásica?

Siempre hemos escuchado que poner música clásica a los peques, incluso desde el periodo de gestación, es muy beneficioso para su desarrollo. La música clásica es un estilo de música relajante para dormir bebés. Las obras de algunos compositores históricos como Mozart, Vivaldi, Strauss, Bach… puede ayudar a que tu bebé concilie el sueño de una manera más fácil. Hay que tener en cuenta que siempre tiene que ser tranquila y a un volumen más bien bajo, así que tampoco vamos a poner una obertura para conseguir el resultado opuesto. La música de piano también es un tipo de música que consigue muy buenos resultados a la hora de dormir a los bebés. Podemos buscar listas de reproducción de canciones populares en versiones de piano o probar con las canciones de Disney en piano. Puedes escuchar un ejemplo de música clásica aquí.

¿Rock para dormir?

Siempre que escuchamos la palabra rock se nos viene a la cabeza ritmos rápidos e instrumentos a toda pastilla. Pero este género, como tantos otros, también cuenta con sus vertientes más calmadas, y es que cualquier balada de rock a un volumen bajo puede ser tan efectivo como una buena nana. Además, este género musical apunta en diferentes estudios a ser, junto a la música clásica, un potenciador del desarrollo para los niños. Puedes probar también a buscar canciones de rock versionadas a piano.

Lo único que hay que tener claro es que, si hablamos de ruido blanco o de música relajante para dormir bebés, siempre tiene que ser una música que no tenga variaciones de volumen muy notorias y que cuando la pongamos, sea a un volumen más bajo.

¿Te hemos ayudado con esta lectura? Desde Bebé Seguro que alguno de estos trucos te sirva para que tu bebé consiga coger el sueño más rápidamente.

La entrada Tipos de música relajante para dormir bebés aparece primero en Bebé Seguro.

How to listen to classical music with your child

Yuliya Skopich

listens to classical music with her son

Author profile

In infancy, the son fell asleep to the works of Mozart. At the age of two, he fell in love with electronic dance music and pop music. And at three he began to give preference to Beethoven and Prokofiev.

I love classical music and even during my pregnancy I decided that I would try to get my son interested in it. I planned to include my favorite tunes and hoped that he would enjoy them too. Everything turned out to be more difficult. nine0003

In the article I will tell you how I develop a musical taste in a child, why I do it, and how my son feels about music in the end.

How Music Affects Babies

You can play music to your baby from the first days and even earlier — from the third trimester of pregnancy: studies show that babies are able to remember music in the womb and recognize it after birth.

Music not only entertains the child, but can also be useful for him. Here are a few reasons why it seemed important to me from infancy to include melodies to my son. nine0003

Music regulates the child’s emotional state. Already at the age of a few days, babies distinguish between emotionally positive and negative melodies. I was convinced of this from my own experience: after listening to some tunes, my son became irritable, while others, on the contrary, improved his mood.

When listening to music, the heart rate becomes more regular, breathing becomes even. The level of oxygen in the blood rises. Such a conclusion was made by a professor from Iceland, Helga Ruth Gudmundsdottir, in her study. nine0003

How music affects a child’s brain — UNICEF

I have noticed that if I turn on music when my son is crying, he calms down faster.

Music is the role of a neurostimulator. Many studies show that music helps children develop intellectually.

I cannot say that the musical compositions that we listened to together had a noticeable effect on my son: at routine examinations, the pediatrician said that he was developing according to his age. nine0003

Short-term music education improves verbal intelligence — Psychological Science

Longitudinal analysis of music education for executive function in younger students — Frontiers in Neuroscience

Music can accelerate language development. At birth, babies are able to hear beats in rhythmic sound sequences. At seven months, they distinguish between different rhythms, and during the first year of life, the habit is finally formed. Language, like music, has clear rhythmic patterns. Thanks to the synchronization of syllables, children distinguish the sounds that underlie speech. nine0003

My son only spoke single words for a long time, and I began to worry. But at the age of one and a half, he began to make sentences. By the age of two, he was already speaking fluently. I don’t know if music influenced this, but I think that it made a certain contribution.

Music improves neural processing of rhythmic patterns in music and speech — PNAS

What music should be like for children

Babies love not only lullabies, but also more complex compositions. For example, they like rhythmic music, and they start dancing to it in infancy: first they wave their arms and legs, then they add rhythmic head nods, and then they jump. When choosing a repertoire, scientists advise to be guided by their own tastes and preferences of children. nine0003

In the first months, it is desirable that the volume and intensity of the sound does not change abruptly, the pace is slow, and passages are repeated. For young children, 45 decibels is optimal, which is equivalent to conversational speech.

Mechanisms of neuroprocessing in the fetus and newborn — Neural plasticity

To determine the first melodies that my child will listen to, I paid attention to research. Here are the composers I ended up choosing and why.

Vivaldi. The music of the Baroque era, to which the works of the composer belong, soothes children, including those in the womb. The ideal is the one that is performed on stringed instruments.

Mozart. In 1993, scientists from the University of California at Irvine spoke about the results of their experiment. After listening to Mozart’s sonata for two pianos K. 448 for 10 minutes, the subjects demonstrated better spatial thinking skills than those who initially worked in silence. This was called the Mozart effect. nine0003

Music and Spatial Tasks: A Causal Relationship — ERIC

Mozart, Music and Medicine — Medical Principles and Practice

Other scientists later studied the effect of the sonata, but not all confirmed the result. The effect varied and largely depended on the tasks set. Nevertheless, listening to Mozart’s music could potentially benefit my son — and I decided to try.

Beethoven. College students who listened to Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat performed better on memory tasks and completed them faster than those who listened to rap. Probably, Beethoven’s music affects children in a similar way. nine0003

Influence of the genre of music on memory — UTC Scholar

How I introduced my son to classical music

While pregnant, I entered something like «calm classical music» in the YouTube search box and listened to the tracks from the proposed options.

Sometimes I visited the Just Instrumental Music channel. A large collection of instrumental music is divided into playlists there. There are both compositions by great musicians and selections, for example, relaxing piano or violin music. I noticed that this music relieved my anxiety. nine0003

When my son was born, I continued to listen to music with him. I downloaded calm Mozart compositions to my phone and turned it on to my son before going to bed — he stopped being naughty and fell asleep. But as he grew older, the method stopped working.

/list/music-online/

Where to listen to music and podcasts: comparing 5 streaming services guests came home. I realized that it was not worth protecting him from other music, but I didn’t like that after listening to the songs of popular artists of our time, my son became more capricious. nine0003

Then I thought about how to get my son back to the classics. At first I paid attention to musical toys, but they were too expensive and at the same time played too few tunes. I realized that we would have to regularly spend large sums on them or the same tunes would quickly bore the child and me.

In the end, I found several free or inexpensive ways to teach my son to listen to classical music with pleasure. I’ll tell you more about them.

Cube is expensive and only plays a few tunes. Source: ozon.ru

Method No. 1

To watch cartoons

I noticed that my son liked the video sequence in modern clips. Therefore, I decided to captivate him with the classics through cartoons in which instrumental music sounds.

At first, I entered something like “cartoons on classical music” or “musical classics in cartoons” in the YouTube search line. Over time, I found channels with good selections on YouTube and Vkontakte. Here they are.

/list/cozy-content/

10 cozy cartoons for the whole family that you might not know about

MetronomeFilmsComp. There are several playlists on this channel. I like «Lullabies of the World» — a collection of animated films based on lullabies of different nations. And my son liked the educational cartoon «See the Music» more, which tells about musical instruments.

This cartoon has a fascinating plot and unusually drawn characters

Anastasia Tsvetkova’s channel. nine0022 This is an amateur channel with an interesting collection of musical cartoons. For example, the multi-opera «Carmen» by Georges Bizet, «Fantasy about a Dead Man» to the music of Beethoven, the multi-opera «The Ugly Duckling» with music by Sergei Prokofiev.

Some cartoons are easy to find on other channels, but, for example, «Rage over the lost penny» by Beethoven’s rondo, I saw only here.

Classical music in cartoons. This is a Vkontakte community that is no longer running. But in the videos you can still see a selection of 588 domestic and foreign cartoons with classical music. nine0003

We haven’t watched everything, but so far my son is especially delighted with The Pig Polka, a short cartoon where the story of The Three Little Pigs is based on several of Brahms’ Hungarian Dances.

«Journey to Musical Cartoonland». An online entertainment project that also broadcasts cartoons. Including there are selections with music by one composer, for example, Mozart, Debussy, Bach. There is not much video yet, but recently the collection has been replenished. In addition to cartoons, they post poems about music — I also read them to my son. nine0003

How does the son feel about musical cartoons? For example, he was interested in the animated series «Tom and Jerry», where you can hear the music of Bizet, Tchaikovsky, Liszt, Strauss and other composers. We especially love the cartoon about Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony and often review it. But the “Snow Maiden” based on the opera by Rimsky-Korsakov, arranged by Lev Schwartz, was asked by his son to be switched.

I usually choose videos that are no longer than 3-5 minutes so as not to bore the child. nine0003

Method No. 2

Read books about music

I turned to books intuitively. I hoped that my son would be interested in pictures with images of musical instruments and want to hear how they sound. I won’t say that this method brings tangible results, but so far I haven’t abandoned it: my son liked some books.

“For children about music. For the smallest” S. Volkov. Sometimes the book is found under the title “All About Music. For the little ones.» It was released in 1998 and not reprinted, so it’s hard to find. I don’t know how much it costs now, but it used to be sold on Ozone for 479 R. I like the book, but for that price I wouldn’t take it: it’s too thin. It’s good that they gave it to us.

/list/first-books/

Books for independent reading: 13 options for children of all ages

The book, illustrated by cartoonist Alexei Kotenochkin, tells about musical instruments, genres, musical notation in verses and pictures. My son listens with pleasure as I read him the whole book at a time. nine0003

“Where Music Lives” by A. Klenova. The book tells the history of the development of music and musical instruments, talks about their importance in people’s lives. The book includes games, riddles, recommendations for parents. For example, in what works you can listen to one or another instrument.

I learned a lot about music only from this book. For example, about the fact that the harp is the only musical instrument that has become a state symbol. We are talking about the coat of arms of Ireland — it depicts a golden harp with silver strings. But the son still likes to look only at pictures from this book: it seems to me that it is designed more for elementary school students than for preschoolers. nine0003 The book was released in 1986, but it can be found, for example, on Avito — it costs about 200 R. Before the stories from this book, the son has not yet grown up, but he already looks at the illustrations with pleasure and asks them to explain

Even in the recommendations, I often came across the following books, also designed for children from five years old. I plan to read them when my son grows up.

«Music from A to Z. Entertaining reading with pictures» by E. Finkelstein. The book contains small essays written with humor and interesting illustrations — from caricatures and caricatures to old engravings and photographs. Many musical terms are explained in an entertaining way, such as the mouthpiece or the chord. nine0003

Beat the drum and don’t be afraid! Stories of Uncle Marcus” by M. Pekarsky. A book about percussion instruments written by a musician on behalf of the mythical Uncle Marcus. It tells about the birth of drums in the Stone Age, their varieties — tam-toms, bongos, timpani, drum — and about when drums appeared in classical musical works.

A series of fairy tales about composers by Marina Drobkova: Grieg and the Dwarf, Bach and the Stars, Mozart and the Reel, Paganini and the Violin. All fairy tales are based on stories about the real childhood of musicians. nine0003

Method No. 3

Practice with music

Just sitting and listening to classical music is boring for my son. Therefore, I turn on the classics in the background when we are doing something interesting. Let me tell you what we do especially often.

Drawing compositions. The project of the Gnessin school «Music in Pictures» prompted me to do this. My son loves to draw, and I sometimes invite him to depict the composition that we are listening to at the moment.

/children-painting/

My children are painting: how much does it cost

Usually the son expresses emotions through colors and something abstract is obtained. But when we listen to Tchaikovsky’s Waltz of the Flowers, I ask him to paint the pre-printed flower templates. It is interesting that the son sometimes perceives the same composition in different ways.

This is how he illustrated “The Seasons. July» Tchaikovsky. Bright colors mean major scale. Why he decided to capture the palms, I did not understand

Let’s dance. We run to fast tunes, to slow ones we smoothly walk around the room. We can jump, squat, lie down. It turns out something similar to a dance, with the help of which the son learns to distinguish the tempo. For this, I recommend works with a sharp change in tempo, like Brahms’ Hungarian Dance No. 5, as well as the composition The Seasons. July» Tchaikovsky. nine0003

Catching flies. Sometimes I turn on the song and we start catching imaginary flies, clapping to the music. The game captivates my son for a short time, but I notice that over time he makes fewer and fewer mistakes.

We show what we heard. Under Rimsky-Korsakov’s «Flight of the Bumblebee» we «fly» around the apartment, under «The Seasons. Spring» Vivaldi’s son allegedly picks flowers, and marches to the «Procession of the Dwarves» by Edvard Grieg. This is how we play with the images that arise when listening. At first, my son repeated everything after me, but recently he began to invent his own movements. nine0003 Son loves racing to Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony

Guessing the animal. Only Suite for Instrumental Ensemble «Carnival of the Animals» by Camille Saint-Saens is suitable for this game. I take out soft toys, turn on the composition and ask my son which animal different fragments remind him of. True, I do not have a kangaroo and an antelope — they are replaced by a hare and a horse, respectively. I think you can find analogues for other animals.

By the same principle, you can listen to Tchaikovsky’s The Four Seasons, guessing the season or even the month. nine0003

Looking for a hidden object. I quietly turn on the music on my phone and hide it. The son’s task is to find the source of the sound. It also develops hearing.

We imitate sounds. We have a children’s synthesizer at home, and there is a piano in the country. Usually the son simply presses the keys, imitating the game. But, for example, after listening to Prokofiev’s «Procession of Grasshoppers», I began to ask by sound to find a papa grasshopper, who speaks in a low voice, and a baby grasshopper with a high voice. This is how we learn tones. nine0003 After classical melodies, the son is more actively reaching for the synthesizer

How classical music influenced his son

My efforts were not in vain: I again managed to interest the child in the classics. He no longer becomes indignant at the sound of music by Beethoven and other composers and reacts indifferently when guests turn on Little Big.

I noticed that music affects my son’s mood: if he starts to act up, measured compositions help him calm down. My son also developed his own musical preferences. For example, he listens to Tchaikovsky’s «Children’s Album» with pleasure, he likes Vivaldi’s «The Seasons», but «Winter» and «Autumn» cause his son more anxiety. But he is ready to listen to the compositions of Bach and Beethoven only selectively. nine0003

We do not plan to raise our son as a musician. But my husband and I love art, and I want my son to also get acquainted with all its types: music, painting, sculpture, theater. Music seems to me the most accessible leisure: you don’t need to go anywhere or buy something — just open YouTube, choose a song that suits your mood and enjoy the melody.

/list/online-education-for-children/

Future art historians and programmers: 11 powerful online courses for children

Now I do not limit my son to listening only to eminent composers, I try to include music of different genres for him — however, I mostly choose calm melodies. But I hope that in the future his interest in the classics will not fade away.

Tips for parents

  1. Focus primarily on your feelings and the feelings of your child. If he doesn’t like listening to Mozart, don’t insist. It may be possible to return to this composer later.
  2. Do not try to replace classical music with other genres, otherwise it may cause rejection in the future. Guide the child, but do not set rigid limits. nine0234
  3. If your child is bored just listening to a melody, you can try to interest him in the classics through cartoons in which instrumental music sounds.
  4. Books about music and musical instruments can also attract a child. Brightly illustrated editions are well suited for family reading.
  5. Classical music can be usefully practiced: draw compositions, show what you hear, imitate sounds, dance. Or just turn it on in the background.

Children’s course on how to understand masterpieces of classical music • Arzamas

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Radio Arzamas

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February 1, 2019

Julius Henrikus. Musicians. 1755 Rijksmuseum

A new course “Masterpieces of classical music. What is so special about them?» In it, the musician and journalist Lyalya Kandaurova explains what is great about the music of Bach, Beethoven, Grieg, Stravinsky and other classical composers and why some works are so famous that they are taught in a music school, used in advertising, put on a phone call and even built into music boxes. And why are they called masterpieces in general. nine0003

In total, the course consists of 14 lectures, each of them is devoted to one classical opus. Today we are laying out the first part of the course:

1. «Hallelujah» from the oratorio «Messiah». Georg Friedrich Handel. How did a classic composition turn into a Christmas super hit and why do we want to sing along to it?

2. Bolero. Maurice Ravel. Why does Ravel’s work sound the same for 15 minutes, but we are still interested in listening to it?

3. Prelude in C major from the Well-Tempered Clavier cycle. Johann Sebastian Bach. nine0022 What kind of strange name is The Well-Tempered Clavier and why did Bach’s «HTK» become a textbook for composers?

4. «Morning» from the suite «Peer Gynt». Edward Grieg. What is morning in Grieg’s music?

5. «The sacred spring». Igor Stravinsky. How did the music of Stravinsky’s ballet differ from everything that came before it, and why did no one like it at first?

The first three lectures are available to everyone, and all subsequent lectures are available only to Radio Arzamas subscribers. If you’re still unsure if you need a subscription, listen to the first lecture from the course right here: