El lagarto y la lagarta de federico garcia lorca: El lagarto está llorando — Mundo Primaria

El lagarto y la lagarta de federico garcia lorca: El lagarto está llorando — Mundo Primaria

El Lagarto está Llorando, Federico García Lorca: Poema original en análisis

  • 1. Análisis
  • 2. Poema
  • 3. Comentar
  • Los niños son muy importantes en la obra de Lorca y muchos de sus textos van dirigidos a los más pequeños. Sin embargo, no busca únicamente el contar algo, si no que recupera en esta obra literaria infantil esa idea de que, además de que disfruten con lo escrito, el texto lleve un mensaje que los más pequeños puedan captar y hacerles que ese momento de diversión también sea un momento de aprendizaje.

    En este caso dos lagartos lloran, ella y el. Son dos lagartos pequeños vestidos con delantales, como los baberos de los niños. Juegan a papás y han perdido sus anillos de plomo, sus anillos de compromiso. Es sol en el cielo, rojo, grande y redondo, parece un globo y los pájaros parecen unidos a éste por sus rayos haciendo que vuelen junto a él. Los lagartos, ella y él, ya mayores, lloran ante la belleza de ese momento, ante el paso del tiempo y el darse cuenta de que han estado juntos siempre.

    Este tierno y hermoso poema nos habla de cómo el tiempo pasa para todo el mundo, de cómo nosotros nos damos cuenta de ello. La infancia discurre rápidamente entre dos pequeños que, cuando se dan cuenta, siendo ya mayores, son conscientes de que llevan toda su vida juntos.

    Si nos detenemos un poquito más en el poema, cuando admiran la belleza de un atardecer o amanecer, son conscientes de que, de alguna manera, ha habido muchas cosas que se han perdido y que no han vivido. Es por eso que pueden llorar, no solamente por el tiempo perdido, si no por lo que no han podido disfrutar de la vida.

    Sin embargo, esta mirada no tan infantil que utiliza Lorca implica también mucho cariño, mucho amor entre esos dos lagartos, entre ella y el. Han compartido toda una vida y no han perdido esa imaginación, ese niño que todos llevamos dentro y que, en muchas ocasiones, se pierde rápidamente sin que nos demos cuenta. La imagen del globo nos invita a soñar y la de los pájaros a que ese sueño vaya mucho más allá, viaje con nosotros. Es posible que la infancia se haya marchado, pero ellos siguen enamorados y juntos.

    Nota de Susana Marín.


    ×


    Marín, Susana. Jun., 2015. El Lagarto está Llorando de Federico García Lorca. Poemario. Acceso en https://poemario.com/lagarto-esta-llorando/

    Poema original: El Lagarto está Llorando

    El lagarto está llorando. 1
    La lagarta está llorando. 2

    El lagarto y la lagarta 3
    con delantalitos blancos. 4

    Han perdido sin querer 5
    su anillo de desposados. 6

    ¡Ay, su anillito de plomo, 7
    ay, su anillito plomado! 8

    Un cielo grande y sin gente 9
    monta en su globo a los pájaros. 10

    El sol, capitán redondo, 11
    lleva un chaleco de raso. 12

    ¡Miradlos qué viejos son! 13
    ¡Qué viejos son los lagartos! 14

    ¡Ay, cómo lloran y lloran, 15
    ¡ay! ¡ay! cómo están llorando! 16

    17

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  • El lagarto está llorando de Federico García Lorca

    El lagarto está llorando.

    La lagarta está llorando.
    El lagarto y la lagarta
    con delantalitos blancos.

    Han perdido sin querer
    su anillo de desposados.
    ¡Ay! su anillito de plomo,
    ¡ay! su anillito plomado

    Un cielo grande y sin gente
    monta en su globo a los pájaros.
    El sol, capitán redondo,
    lleva un chaleco de raso.

    ¡Miradlos qué viejos son!
    ¡Qué viejos son los lagartos!
    ¡Ay, cómo lloran y lloran!
    ¡Ay, ay, cómo están llorando!

    Canciones para niños. Canciones.
    OBRAS COMPLETAS I. Madrid:
    Editorial Aguilar, 1978. Col. Obras eternas.

    BIOGRAFÍA DE FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA para niños

    Federico García Lorca nació en el pueblo de Fuentevaqueros en la provincia de Granada, en España, en el año 1898. Su padre fue un rico labrador y su madre una mujer muy sabia que le enseñó sus primeras letras.

    Federico García Lorca con 6 años

    Le gustaban los días de aire libre, las marionetas, los libros y estar con sus amigosA los 10 años comienza a estudiar guitarra y más tarde toma lecciones de piano.

    A los 16 años,
    empieza sus estudios de Derecho, Filosofía y Letras en la Universidad de Granada. Cinco años después se cambia a Madrid donde conoce muchos artistas como el gran poeta Juan Ramón Jiménez, el poeta Rafael Alberti, el poeta Jorge Guillén y el cineasta Luis Buñuel. Todos ellos quedan fascinados por su imaginación y simpatía.

    En este momento nacen sus primeras obras literarias, el «Libro de poemas» y su primera gran obra de teatro «Mariana Pineda». También conoce a Salvador Dalí, quién en 1928 participa de la revista literaria «Gallo», creada por Lorca. En ese año se hace famoso pues aparece a la venta «Romancero gitano». Decide ir a Estados Unidos donde enriquece su poesía.

    Luego viaja por Cuba y regresa a España donde estrena «La zapatera prodigiosa», «Bodas de Sangre» y «Yerma».

    En 1923 funda la compañía de teatro «La Barraca». Viaja por Argentina y Uruguay, y al volver escribe «Llanto por Ignacio Sánchez Mejías».

    Falleció el 19 de agosto de 1936, víctima de la guerra civil española.


    Fue uno de los más grandes poetas y dramaturgos de la primera mitad del siglo XX.

    En 1937 Vicente Aleixandre dijo de él: «No hay nadie quien pueda definirle. Era tierno como una concha de plata. Inocente en su tremenda risa morena, como un árbol furioso. Ardiente en sus deseos, como un ser nacido para la libertad».

    Si quieres ver más poemas de Federico García Lorca de nuestro blog haz click en los siguientes enlaces:

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    The death of Garcia Lorca: new details of the tragedy

    Ivan Tolstoy: In Granada, Spain, in the homeland of Federico Garcia Lorca, an exhibition of documents from the family archive of the poet and playwright has opened in his museum. The exposition attracted the attention of literary critics and, of course, the general public. She recalled that the issue of the tragic death and the place of burial of Lorca is still the subject of scientific disputes. Why? Our author in Spain Viktor Cheretsky tried to answer this question.

    Viktor Cheretsky: Indeed, 85 years have passed since the death of Lorca, who is considered one of the most prominent poets of the 20th century, but the disputes over who and why it took to kill him are still ongoing. It is also not clear where his remains disappeared. Meanwhile, attempts to answer these questions are constantly being made. Dozens of specialists are engaged in this: Spaniards and foreigners. According to one of them — Miguel Caballero, the author of four books about Lorca — there are several reasons for the complexity of the study. Firstly, the Spaniards could not deal with the fate of the poet, as they say, in hot pursuit. Until the mid-70s, the country was ruled by the dictatorship of the Caudillo General Franco, who reigned in 1939 after the rebellion and civil war. The Francoists, although they denied the murder of Lorca, preferred to consign to oblivion everything connected with it.

    One of these myths says that Lorca did not die at all, but only lost his memory and lived for many years somewhere in Latin America

    So, to put it mildly, research into his biography was not encouraged by the regime. Of course, there was no access to archival documents. However, all this did not prevent foreigners from doing Lorca. True, most of them did not know Spanish realities well, and therefore they could not really find out anything and only contributed to the emergence of the most ridiculous myths. One of them, for example, says that Lorca did not die at all, but only lost his memory and lived for many years somewhere in Latin America.

    Miguel Caballero: The topic of Lorca remains quite painful for Spanish society, an open wound that has yet to be healed. After all, we are talking about the death of an outstanding poet — one of the most high-profile crimes of the civil war. Unfortunately, not so long ago, the story of Lorca’s death was based only on various kinds of oral stories. All this was not serious. As for me, from the very beginning of work on his biography, I made it a rule to study the archives in detail. Eyewitness accounts are also important, but only if they are somehow documented. Well, the tragedy of Lorca was literally overgrown with rumors. They were especially fond of foreign researchers. They came near Granada, where Lorca was killed, and offered money to local residents for any information about him. Those wishing to share the information they supposedly had were found without difficulty.

    After all, this happened in the 1950s and 70s, when the inhabitants of the Spanish hinterland did not live well and people resorted to anything to earn extra money. Unfortunately, all the data collected then, even the most questionable data, were taken seriously and published outside of Spain. Such works abounded with frank fictions, inaccuracies and inappropriate pathos. Nevertheless, it was they who dominated the studies of Lorca’s death for many years.

    Miguel Caballero.

    Victor Cheretsky: Miguel Caballero calculated that, judging by the materials written on the basis of the stories of «eyewitnesses», at least two hundred people watched the execution of Lorca, which was carried out secretly at night in a completely deserted place. The same number dug the grave and lowered the body of the poet into it. And the number of various kinds of fictitious details from such «witnesses» depended only on the amount in foreign currency that they received.

    Meanwhile, according to Caballero, there was another reason that prevented an objective explanation of Lorca’s death. The fact is that literally from the first day after his death, his fate was «monopolized» and used by supporters of the pro-Stalinist «People’s Front» for ideological purposes — to attack their enemies, the Francoists. The last ones killed Lorca for purely political reasons. They de did not love him for his love of freedom. The poet, far from politics, was declared by the left to be a passionate fighter against fascism, almost a revolutionary who gave his life for the bright future of all mankind. At the same time, the leaders of the Popular Front appointed the Francoist governor of Granada, Jose Valdez, as the main executioner, who, by the way, according to the latest data, was completely uninvolved in the death of Lorca. Well, the governor allegedly received the order to commit the atrocity from Franco’s closest associate, General Gonzalo Queypo de Llano. Repeatedly repeated lies eventually began to be perceived as the truth. A similar interpretation of events exists to this day, both in Spain itself and abroad. Russia, of course, is no exception.

    In fact, Lorca never shared the ideology of either the left or the right

    Miguel Caballero: History has been distorted from the very beginning. Lorca after his death was enlisted in their ranks by certain political forces. Their press immediately called him a martyr of the struggle for leftist ideas. In fact, Lorca never shared the ideology of either the left or the right. He was an independent, apolitical person. Indeed, he preferred a republic to a monarchy, but he never sympathized with any party. His connections with the Popular Front were limited to work at the La Baraka theater, which was funded by the state, a short trip to Morocco as secretary to the socialist minister Fernando de los Rios, and a short work on the board of the National Musical Society, where he replaced one from permanent members.

    Well, the fantasy of the Left knew no bounds. An example of the distortion of events for ideological purposes is the still prevailing fiction that the order to kill the poet allegedly came from the environment of the caudillo himself, namely from Queipo de Llano, who ordered this by telephone. In fact, this could not be, if only because in those days the telephone connection between Seville, where the general was, and Granada was interrupted. In my opinion, to explain the murder of Lorca with political motives or, as it is now in vogue, with gender — his non-traditional sexual orientation — is to simplify and distort the history of the tragedy. In fact, Lorca died for other reasons: as a result of tragic circumstances, a conspiracy connected not with politics, but with clan feuds and intrigues of the local Granadian elite around his family.

    Garcia Lorca

    Victor Cheretsky: Indeed, in the turbulent 1930s for Spain, Lorca stood outside the party squabbles and jokingly declared that he was both a communist, and an anarchist, and a conservative, as well as a militant Catholic and a monarchist. Among his friends were both those and others. For example, the already mentioned socialist and fellow countryman of the poet Fernando de los Rios, and at the same time the sworn enemy of the socialists — the leader of the Falange, a fascist type party, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, a big fan of Lorca’s poetry. The Falangists in Granada, who unconditionally supported the rebellion of the military, were the four brothers of Rosales. They and their parents were friends with Lorca’s family. The youngest of the brothers, Louis, who wrote poetry himself and considered himself a student of the poet, until the last minute tried to save him from death, risking his own life. Who, then, in reality, and why raised a hand against Lorca? It turns out that these were local landowning oligarchs, moreover, related to Lorca by family ties. However, the latter is not surprising. The fact is that in the patriarchal Spanish hinterland, the local elite, and the Lorca family, belonged to it, as a rule, communicated and married only among themselves.

    The connection of relatives with the murder is obvious

    Miguel Caballero: Initially tried to deal with Lorca in the family estate of San Vicente near Granada, where he stayed after arriving from Madrid, his cousins ​​Miguel and Horacio Roldan. Well, the arrest of the poet — two weeks after the events on the estate — was led by Juan Luis Treskastros, a lawyer, the local leader of the far-right Popular Action party, married to Lorca’s father’s cousin and a close friend of the Roldans. He also participated in the execution of the poet. Among the killers was Antonio Benavidez — also a relative of Lorca’s father — the nephew of his first wife, who died early. It was he who finished off the poet with a shot in the back of the head. So the connection of relatives with the murder is obvious.

    Viktor Cheretsky: Why did the relatives suddenly take up arms against Lorca? This story, as Miguel Caballero explains, has deep roots. The researcher claims that the object of hatred was not so much the poet himself as his father. However, Don Federico Garcia Rodriguez, a former member of the municipality of Granada, a landowner, a man with numerous connections, enterprising and very tough in business, was out of reach for his enemies. And they decided to harm him by taking out the evil on their son. Moreover, the time for revenge was the most suitable — the outbreak of civil war. By the way, the situation when killing people became commonplace was widely used by the Spaniards to settle personal scores. Abandoned mistresses wrote denunciations against their offenders, accusing them of disloyalty to the authorities, debtors against creditors, neighbors against neighbors, entrepreneurs against their partners in order to appropriate their share in the business, and so on.

    Lorca became the object of revenge

    Miguel Caballero: Having received the permission of the García Lorca family certified by a notary, I was able to get acquainted with the documents stored in the archives. From them it is clear that Lorca was really ruined by the enmity between kindred clans. At the heart of this enmity lay economic interests. Specifically, it was about the land that was acquired by the poet’s father on shares with the Roldan and Alba family clans at the end of the 19th century. After the irrigation system was implemented, they began to give good harvests of sugar beet — they significantly enriched their owners. Friction, and then enmity, flared up when trying to divide these lands in order to sell them. Well, Lorca became the object of revenge, which the enemies of his family managed to carry out in a civil war.

    See also

    Khlestakov spoke

    Victor Cheretsky: Was Lorca, by that time a well-known poet, far from the clan feuds? It turns out not. This partly explains the hatred of the clans towards him personally. The poet earned their dislike because of his publications. In particular, for the newspaper Sol, he wrote an article in which he criticized the Granada landowners, calling them «the worst representatives of the Spanish bourgeoisie. » The Roldans recognized themselves in the heroes of the story. In addition, shortly before the tragedy, Lorca completed work on the play «The House of Bernarda Alba», in which he depicted, and in a rather grotesque form, the gloomy morals that reigned among the wealthy class of Granada. At the same time, he chose the Alba family as a prototype. And although the play has not yet been published, the author reported its content to the press. In addition, he only changed the name of the main character Francisco Alba, and left the surname, as the name itself implies. This outraged both the aforementioned family and the Roldan brothers, whose sister was married to the heroine’s son. In addition, the prototypes of some minor characters in the play were also easily recognizable members of the two clans. Miguel Caballero believes that the claims against Lorca in this case could be partly fair, although, of course, they did not justify the bloody revenge.

    Monument to Garcia Lorca in Madrid

    Miguel Caballero: I believe that it was not so much about a satirical work as about literary revenge on the Alba family. Francisco Alba was not a tyrant, as portrayed by Lorca. I studied a number of documents testifying to the life of this woman. By the way, she was quite a generous person. She died in 1924. So from the time of her death to the writing of the work, many years passed. By the way, Lorca’s father was once her executor.

    Viktor Cheretsky: And that’s not all. According to the already mentioned friend of Lorca, Luis Rosales, who later became a famous writer, elementary envy also played a certain role in the fate of the poet. Provincial cousins ​​could not accept the fact that their relative, with whom they grew up together, enjoys worldwide fame, lives in the capital, travels abroad and communicates with famous people, that newspapers write about him, and so on. Well, they are doomed to vegetate on their estates in the society of illiterate day laborers. Here is a recording of Rosales’ statements on this subject, made shortly before his death at the beginning of 90-s.

    Luis Rosales: Fame brings a person more enemies than friends. And in the case of Federico, and in any other case. Fame breeds a lot of envious people. Of course, a person has both admirers and various acquaintances, but this does not make him more friends. But a huge number of frank envious people and enemies are added.

    Luis Rosales

    Viktor Cheretsky: Let’s see how the events that led to the poet’s death unfolded. Lorca arrived at the San Vicente estate from Madrid on July 1936 years shortly before the Franco rebellion that began on the 18th of the same month. The purpose of the trip is to support a long-established family tradition — to celebrate the day of the angel together: his and his father, who was also called Federico. In addition, according to many researchers, the poet was aware that the country was on the verge of civil confrontation. And as a person who does not accept violence, he tried to escape from reality, to find refuge in his small homeland.

    Indeed, anarchy reigned in Madrid. Daily armed skirmishes between militants of far-right and left-wing orientations led to numerous casualties, including among bystanders. The right demanded to restore order, the left demanded an immediate social revolution. Criminals also became more active, robbing and killing supposedly in the name of social justice. Well, the government of the «People’s Front» was inactive. The peak of violence was the murder of the parliamentary speaker of the opposition, José Calvo Sotelo, by left-wing radicals. It was clear that this could not continue for long and that, as had happened more than once in the history of Spain, power — under the pretext of restoring order — could be seized at any moment by the military, with all the ensuing consequences for the immature Spanish democracy.

    See also

    Praise for Lotman

    Miguel Caballero: Lorca could not even imagine that his trip to Granada could cost him his life, especially because of old family feuds. And this gives the story of his death a special tragedy. In addition, the poet believed that since his father was a wealthy man and enjoyed influence in Granada, nothing would happen to him there. In fact, the enemies of the family were already waiting for him.

    Victor Cheretsky: After the start of the military rebellion, Granada immediately fell into the hands of Franco’s supporters. Unfortunately for Lorca, the Roldan clan managed to gain the confidence of the rebels. They even created with their own money volunteer so-called «Black Detachments», which helped the Francoists to identify individuals loyal to the «People’s Front» and deal with them. With enthusiasm, the already mentioned distant relative of Lorca, the lawyer Treskastros, helped them in this matter. They also made friends with the newly appointed governor of Granada, Valdes, and especially with his assistant, retired lieutenant colonel of the Civil Guard (gendarmerie) Nicolás Velasco. Feeling the power, the Roldan brothers showed up to Lorca at the San Vicente estate, accompanied by members of the Black Squads — under the pretext of searching for a certain escaped assassin. The militants beat the poet, and the cousins ​​promised to return for the final reprisal.

    In the first months after the rebellion, there were many contradictions among Franco’s supporters

    This forced Lorca to move to the city — to Granada — to the house of his friends Rosales. He hoped that there he had nothing to fear, since the Rosales were their own in the camp of the Francoists. But this is only at first glance. In fact, there was much controversy among Franco’s supporters in the first months after the mutiny. In particular, there was a fierce struggle between the Falangists, who professed the syndicalist ideas of class cooperation, and the traditional Spanish right — the monarchists. The Roldans belonged to the latter. It was they who persuaded, it is possible that with the help of bribery, the ex-gendarme Velasco to sign the order for the arrest and execution of Lorca. By the way, the name of Velasco until recently was in the shadows and was not mentioned at all by researchers among the main culprits of the poet’s death. Caballero believes that the lieutenant colonel did not have to be particularly persuaded, since he had his own scores with Lorca.

    Miguel Caballero: Civil Guard lieutenant colonel Nicholas Velasco personally formed a firing squad and sent Lorca to the area near the village of Visnar, where he was killed. He did this at the instigation of the Roldan brothers. Thus, the fate of the poet by chance — due to the temporary absence of the governor — was in the hands of the «hero» of his «Romance of the Spanish Gendarmerie». In this work, Lorca portrayed the gendarmes as sinister, incapable of compassion, characters with a «lead skull» and «hearts wrapped in a harness.» Valdes commanded a detachment, the act of which the poet described — the massacre of the gypsies in Jerez de la Frontera in 1923 year.

    In the denunciation, the poet was called a dangerous Bolshevik spy, Stalin’s personal agent, whom he contacted by radio

    Victor Cheretsky: Another figure who played a sinister role in the fate of Lorca is a certain Ramon Ruiz Alonso, one of the local activists of the far-right Popular Action party. He had no personal accounts with either Lorca or his family. But there were claims to the poet’s friends — the Rosales. It was Rosales who prevented the entry of Ruiz Alonso into the phalanx, considering him «uncouth and boorish.» This figure and scribbled a denunciation of Lorca. The fact is that the gendarme, in order to secure himself, refused to sign an arrest warrant without a formal reason, at least a denunciation, and the Roldan conspirators contracted Ruiz Alons for this. In the denunciation, the poet was called «a dangerous Bolshevik spy, Stalin’s personal agent, whom he contacted by radio.» Here is what another biographer of Lorca, Ian Gibson, tells about this figure.

    Ian Gibson: This was a personality known for his aggressiveness. By profession, Ruiz Alonso was a typographical worker, but he considered himself a messiah, able to show the people the way to the truth. The Spanish ultra-right at one time liked him, and he was nominated as a deputy to parliament, calling him a «trained proletarian» behind his back. In Parliament, he specialized in organizing fights and scandals. When the civil war began, Ruiz Alonso felt that his finest hour had come. In Granada, he fanatically busied himself with writing denunciations against anyone he considered suspicious. Well, in the Lorca case, he saw an opportunity to kill two birds with one stone: to please the influential Roldans and harm his enemies Rosales, who were hiding a «dangerous spy» in their house. After all, in those days, for helping the «enemy» was supposed to be shot.

    Ian Gibson

    Viktor Cheretsky: Lorca was arrested on August 16 after a crowd of armed thugs from the «Black Squads» led by the already mentioned Treskastros broke into Rosales’ house. There were no hosts. In the evening of the same day, the Falangist brothers, having returned and learned about what had happened, with pistols in their hands, tried to recapture Lorca, who was kept in the governorship building. Did not work out. Luis Rosales was arrested, spent several days in prison and narrowly escaped execution. The writer José Maria Peman, who personally knew the caudillo Franco, contacted him and asked him to intercede for Lorca. Caudillo, realizing that the reprisal against the poet could discredit him, agreed. However, his order for release came to Granada too late. After all, the executioners were in a hurry, fearing that the influential father and friends of the poet would violate their plans. So Lorca was executed shortly after his arrest — on the night of August 17, although until recently it was believed that this happened only a day later. Biographer Gibson has been searching for his remains for many years.

    Ian Gibson: I think that Lorca’s remains are in the place pointed out to me by the man who dug his grave — Manolo Castillo Blanco, nicknamed «Manolo the Communist». It was in 1966: together we went with him to the place of the death of the poet. However, there is no other evidence of the location of the grave yet. Meanwhile, legends have developed around this topic over the years. For example, that Lorca did not stay at the place of execution at all, that his body was taken away at one time by relatives and buried in the village of Nerha, on the sea coast, where the family had a house. It seems to me that the time has come to put an end to gossip, but this can be done only after opening the grave. I repeat, while there are only guesses, no one has exact data.

    Viktor Cheretsky: Not so long ago, scientists from the University of Granada, at the suggestion of Gibson, excavated the alleged place of execution. Neither the remains of Lorca, nor three other people — a school teacher and two bullfighters who were shot with him, were found. Miguel Caballero believes that Gibson was mistaken in believing «Manolo the Communist», a talker and drunkard known among the local peasants.

    The University of Granada and the administration of Granada made the mistake of starting a search for the remains without first studying other sources

    Miguel Caballero: Gibson is Lorca’s best biographer. He owns many works, including a detailed history of the poet’s life. What happened? The fact is that, having arrived in Granada in the 60s, he followed the fashion of listening to chatter about Lorca from people who pretended to be witnesses to his death. Believed Manolo Castillo Blanco, who even showed the place where he allegedly buried the poet. Well, the University of Granada and the administration of Granada made the mistake of starting the search for the remains without first studying other sources, for example, the work of Eduardo Molina Fajardo. This author cites reliable evidence and points out where the remains really could be. In particular, Molina Fajardo mentions the wells into which the bodies of the executed were thrown. These wells were dug at one time to irrigate nearby fields, and in the first months after the rebellion were used by the Francoists to hide their crimes.

    Recently, spent shell casings have been found near wells. Experts have determined that they are from cartridges used during the civil war. It has also been established that these wells, shortly after the corpses were dumped there, were walled up, but then reopened. Most likely, their owners hastened to pull out the bodies of the dead in order to continue using the water. Well, the remains were buried somewhere else.

    Viktor Cheretsky: This version is considered reliable not only by Caballero, but also by other researchers. However, not so long ago, one more and the same rather logical explanation appeared why the remains of the poet have not yet been found. The new hypothesis, in particular, is supported by the Madrid historian Manuel Aylyon. The poet’s father allegedly managed to obtain the issuance of the body a few days after the execution. The remains were buried at the San Vicente estate. And at 1939, before the family left to emigrate to the United States, the father transferred them to a new place — to the chapel of the Dukes of San Pedro in the village of Lachar, near Granada — without any gravestone inscription, because at that time the name of the poet became taboo — the Francoist authorities , as we have already said, preferred to hush up his story. The father’s nephew, a parish priest who served in Lachar, helped in the reburial. As for Don Federico Garcia Rodriguez himself, he died in exile in 1946, then the poet’s mother also died. In the fifties, Lachar began to rebuild, his old buildings were demolished. After some time, the chapel was also demolished. One of the workers interviewed by the researchers recalled that during the demolition, some human bones were found. Nobody wanted to deal with them: the remains were mixed with construction waste and taken to a landfill.

    Federico Garcia Lorca

    Federico Garcia Lorca (Federico
    Garcia Lorca — great Spanish poet, playwright and director


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    Federico Garcia Lorca (Federico
    Garcia Lorca) — the great Spanish poet, playwright and director takes one
    of the most honored places in the history of Spain. His work cannot be appreciated.
    words, each of his poems is saturated with special energy, because he does not
    was afraid to flaunt his true feelings, for which he received recognition
    among readers. The creations of Lorco occupy the pinnacle of literary drama, and
    the novelist himself became widely known throughout the world.

    Federico Garcia
    Lorca was born on June 5, 1898 in a provincial Spanish town
    Fuente vaqueros, near
    Granada. His father, Don Federico Garcia Rodriguez, was revered and
    prosperous landowner, but from his mother Vicenta Romero Lorca, gifted
    pianist, the boy inherited mental and artistic abilities.
    Following Spanish tradition, Federico had to take both of his parents’ surnames.
    (at baptism the boy received the name Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús
    García Lorca), but the poet preferred to sign with his mother’s surname. AT
    as a child, the future writer was in such poor health that he went
    only four years old. At 1909 the family moved to
    Granada, and
    the boy was able to graduate from the local school in 1914. During his studies, he
    had outstanding knowledge. From early childhood, Federico was fond of
    painting and music, and as a teenager tried his hand at writing
    poems and even read them in some cafes.

    After graduating from high school, Garcia Lorca entered the university in
    Granada, where
    began to study law, philosophy and literature. In addition, young man
    additionally acquired a musical education, as well as many
    traveled around the country. At 1918, the novice poet came out
    debut poetry collection «Impressions and Landscapes» («Impresiones y
    paisajes»), written after a trip to Castile. This work brought him
    the greatest fame. His first poems were transmitted by the people from
    generation after generation, and this was the most important thing in the career of a writer. AT
    next year, Lorca decided to transfer to the University of Madrid to study
    literature, where he met with prominent figures of that time —
    Salvador Dali,
    his younger sister Anna Maria, Luis Buñuel and Grigorio Martinez
    Sierra, director of the Eslava Theatre. Then the young man wrote his first
    play «The Witchcraft of the Butterfly» («El maleficio de la mariposa»), and at 1919 — 1920
    years it could be seen in local theaters.

    In 1921 the first «Book of Poems» («Libro de poemas») was published, in
    which one could trace the enormous influence on the young poet from
    Dario and Jimenez. A distinctive feature of Lorca’s work was the proximity to
    the Spanish people and their culture, as well as the unusual melody
    poems. The next poetry collection «Songs» («Canciones»), released
    in 1927, contained a certain drama inherent in Andalusian songs,
    the study of which Federico �������� intensively studied those times. In the same year in
    Barcelona
    an exhibition of his first works of art. Thanks to the exhibition
    Garcia Lorca became a significant person among avant-garde artists. At 1928
    year he released another poetry collection «Gypsy romance» («Romancero
    gitano»), inspired this time by gypsy tunes. Since 1929, the poet
    directed the theater troupe «Balagan» («La Barraca»), which consisted of
    students. The actors tried to revive the passion for ancient drama, and for
    this troupe traveled around the cities with various productions of famous
    Spanish classics. Lorca’s debut on the stage was the play «Mariana
    Pineda «(» Mariana Pineda «), where the scenery of an old friend was present
    Salvador Dali.

    In 1930 the poet temporarily moved to

    New York,
    to learn English, and this was a great challenge for the young
    human — the inability to communicate with the local population and dislike for the noisy
    callous city plunged Lorca into shock. However, during that period there were
    new creations — a book of poems «Poeta en Nueva York» («Poet in New York»),
    published after the death of the writer, as well as the play «Public» («El
    público») and «When five years have passed» («Así que pasen cinco años»). «The poet in
    New York» has a double meaning — on the one hand, Lorca is struggling with
    himself, and on the other hand, the poet opposes the big city and its
    people, he fights his loneliness, homosexuality and
    suicidal thoughts. Little is known about the personal life of this great man.
    known. His tender friendship with
    Dali and his sister Anna-Maria gave birth to
    a lot of rumors and mockery. It is known that Lorca was secretly in love with his sister
    Dali
    however, she herself claimed that marrying Federico was the same as being
    wedded to the wind. She outlived her admirer for many years, never
    getting married.

    After studying for a year at Columbia University School of General Studies and
    visiting Cuba, Federico
    returned to Spain, where he was appointed director of the theater «La Barraca».
    It should be noted that the work of Lorca over the years has changed its creative
    directions — if the writer devoted the 1920s to poetry, then since 1930 he
    got carried away with prose. During the work of Federico in the theater, he created the famous
    works — «Bloody wedding» («Bodas de sangre»), «Yerma» («Yerma») and
    «House of Bernarda Alba» («La casa de Bernarda Alba»). At 1933 Lorca visited

    Buenos Aires, where he headed
    performances of their plays. At the same time, he composed famous farces — «Magic
    shoemaker» («La Zapatera prodigiosa») and «The Love of Don Pelimplin» («Amor de
    Don Perlimplin con Belisa en su jardin»).

    In March 1933 in Madrid
    premiered «Blood Wedding». Until now, this tragedy has not descended from
    theater posters and is a resounding success. The plot for the work
    the writer took from a newspaper article about a girl who ran away on her wedding night with
    loved one. In the drama «Yerma», the second part of the Spanish trilogy, in
    the main role appeared a woman dreaming of offspring, but her husband is not in
    able to make her a mother. Desperate, the woman decides to kill the barren
    husband, not daring to commit adultery and conceive a child. Despite more
    tragic plot, «Yerma» did not become as popular as «Bloody
    wedding». Moreover, die-hard critics considered this tragedy
    an attack on family traditions in Spain. The third part of this trilogy, «House
    Bernarda Alba» remained unfinished. It is based on the story of five
    daughters of an imperious mother, who demands from them the unquestioning fulfillment of any
    her whims. The youngest daughter, learning that her loved one had died at the hands of her
    cruel mother, kills herself. And even if during the life of Lorca the work was not
    staged in theaters, it is considered the pinnacle of world drama.

    In the 30s, Lorca began to write less, but all the creations of that period
    were of high quality. His last work was Lament for Ignacio Sanchez
    Mejias» («Llanto por Ignacio Sanchez Mehias»), published in 1935 and
    written in memory of his deceased friend — the famous bullfighter. Latest
    the poet’s poems, «Sonnets of Dark Love» («Sonetos Del Amor Oscuro»), were
    released in small parts due to being too open for those times
    coverage of homosexuality.

    In 1936, just three days before the start of the Spanish Civil War,
    Federico Lorca returned to his native
    Granada, despite the fact that he was waiting for
    a huge danger because of the strong positions of the right. August 18, 1936
    the writer was arrested. The reasons are still unclear — they dealt with only
    «leftists» and supporters of the Republicans, and, as you know, Lorca does not like them
    treated. It was rumored that the reason for taking the poet into custody could be his
    sexual orientation. At one time he had an affair with a young boy, then
    still unknown
    Salvador Dali, and this was not to the liking of relatives
    the last one. The next day, 19August, writer, school teacher and
    two matadors were shot in the Visnar ravine in the foothills
    Sierra Nevada,
    and all the works of Federico Lorca were burned in
    Granada. The body of the young novelist was
    buried somewhere between the dilapidated villages of Visnar and Alfakar, without
    any identifying marks. However, true admirers of his talent
    sacredly revere his grave. Some circumstances of the death of the great poet
    were not disclosed, and therefore in October 2009year it was decided to
    exhumation of the body of Federico Lorca and further investigation. At the moment
    in Madrid
    a foundation is being built in honor of this great man, founded by his niece
    Laura Lorca.

    His life flashed by in an instant, because dying at 38 is more
    than sooner.

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