Kg embarazo: Aumento de peso durante el embarazo: ¿qué es saludable?

Kg embarazo: Aumento de peso durante el embarazo: ¿qué es saludable?

El aumento de peso durante el embarazo

El aumento de peso durante el embarazo

¿Esta embarazada, no es así? Eso significa que puede comer todas las patatas fritas que quiera, ¿verdad? ¡Se equivoca! Debe tener cuidado con cuánto peso aumenta durante el embarazo. Si aumenta demasiado o muy poco peso puede ser perjudicial para usted y para su bebé. La cantidad de libras o kilos que debe aumentar depende de cuánto pesaba cuando quedó embarazada.
El aumentar la cantidad adecuada de peso ayuda a proteger la salud del bebé. Las mujeres que aumentan poco peso corren un riesgo mayor de tener un bebé de bajo peso (menos de 5 libras y media). Las mujeres que aumentan demasiado corren un riesgomayor de tener un bebé prematuro o un bebé muy grande. También pueden desarrollar complicaciones de salud como diabetes y alta presión arterial.

En general, la mayoría de las mujeres necesitan aproximadamente 300 calorías diarias adicionales durante el embarazo. Sin embargo, la cantidad de calorías adicionales que usted necesita depende de su peso antes del embarazo. Hable con su profesional de la salud para averiguar qué es lo mejor para usted.

Si tenía un peso saludable antes del embarazo, debe aumentar de 25 a 35 libras (11 a 15 kg) en total durante los nueve meses. Si agrega unas 300 calorías por día a su dieta podrá alcanzar este objetivo. (Una merienda saludable adicional, como cuatro barritas de higo y un vaso de leche descremada, le proporcionarán estas calorías). La mayoría de las mujeres aumenta de 4 a 6 libras (1.8 a 2.7 kg) durante el primer trimestre y luego un promedio de una libra (0.5 kg) por semana durante el segundo y el tercer trimestre.

 

¿A dónde va a parar todo esto? Análisis aproximado de un aumento de 28 libras
Sangre 3 lbs
Pechos 2 lbs
Útero 2 lbs
Bebé 7. 5 lbs
Placenta 1.5 lbs
Líquido amniótico 2 lbs
Grasa, proteínas y otros nutrientes 7lbs
Agua retenida 4 lbs

Si tenía bajo peso antes del embarazo,es probable que deba aumentar de 28 a 40 libras (12.5 a 18 kg)durante el embarazo. Esto se debe a que las mujeres de bajo peso tienen más probabilidades de tener bebés pequeños. Por lo general, se recomienda aumentar algo más de una libra (0.5 kg) a la semana durante el segundo y el tercer trimestre.

Si tenía sobrepeso antes del embarazo,sólo debe aumentar de 15 a 25 libras (7 a 11 kg). Esto significa que debe aumentar una libra (0.5 kg) cada dos semanas durante el segundo y el tercer trimestre. Si bien no le conviene aumentar demasiado de peso, no debe intentar nunca bajar de peso durante el embarazo ya que podría ser perjudicial para la salud de su bebé.

Si tenía obesidad antes del embarazo,sólo debe aumentar de 11 a 20 libras (5 a 9 kg)durante el embarazo. Su profesional de la salud le recomendará lo mejor para usted.

Si está embarazada de mellizoso más bebés, probablemente le convenga aumentar en total de 35 a 45 libras (16 a 20 kg). Esto significa aproximadamente 1 libra y media (0.7 kg) durante los dos últimos trimestres.

Para averiguar si usted está baja de peso o tiene sobre peso antes de quedar embarazada, conozca su Indice de Masa Corporal (BMI por sus siglas en inglés). El BMI es la medida de la grasa del cuerpo basada en el peso y la estatura de la persona.

Lo más conveniente es aumentar de peso en forma lenta y continua. Pero no se preocupe si aumenta menos de cuatro libras (2 kg) durante el primer trimestre y lo compensa después, o viceversa. Además, muchas mujeres tienen uno o dos “períodos de crecimiento” durante los cuales aumentan varias libras o kilos en poco tiempo y luego se estabilizan. Como ya señalamos, no debería preocuparse por esto a menos que se convierta en algo habitual. Lo importante es controlar el aumento de peso general. Usted puede usar el cuadro de control de aumento de peso para seguirsu progreso.

Noviembre del 2010

Eating Right Before and During Pregnancy

It is important to get the nutrients you need both before getting pregnant and during your pregnancy.

In addition, there are a few special considerations for breastfeeding mothers. For more information, please see Nutrition Tips for Breastfeeding Mothers.

Calories

  • Preconception Make sure you get enough calories to maintain a reasonable weight. Adjust the number of calories you eat as needed to attain your weight gain or weight loss goals.
  • Pregnancy Increase your diet by 300 calories per day starting in the second trimester. Monitor for appropriate weight gain and adjust your diet as needed.
  • Breastfeeding Add 500 calories a day to your normal pre-pregnancy diet.

Protein

  • Preconception Protein should account for 12 percent to 20 percent of your daily calories. Make sure to eat 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of your body weight (to convert pounds to kilograms, divide the pounds by 2.2), with a minimum of 40 grams of protein a day. For example, if you weigh 120 pounds, you should eat roughly 44 grams of protein a day.
  • Pregnancy During pregnancy, you should get a minimum of 60 grams of protein a day, which will account for approximately 20 percent to 25 percent of your calorie intake.

Carbohydrate

  • Preconception The amount of carbohydrates you should eat varies from person to person and should be based on an individualized nutritional assessment. That said, for most people, carbohydrates account for approximately 50 percent to 60 percent of their daily calories.
  • Pregnancy Some women experience gestational diabetes, or diabetes during pregnancy, which may require them to limit their carbohydrate intake to 40 percent to 50 percent of their daily calories. To learn more, please see Dietary Recommendations for Gestational Diabetes.

Continue reading

Fat

  • Preconception The amount of fat you should eat varies from person to person and should be based on an individualized nutritional assessment. For most people, less than 10 percent of their daily calories should come from saturated fat and up to 10 percent from polyunsaturated fat. Eating monounsaturated fat is preferred.
  • Pregnancy During pregnancy your body needs more fat. Roughly 25 percent to 35 percent of your daily calories should come from fat, depending on your carbohydrate goals. Eating monounsaturated fat is preferred over saturated varieties.

Fiber

Both before and during pregnancy it is important to eat between 20 and 35 grams of fiber each day. This is the same as the guidelines for the general population.

Sodium

Sodium intake recommendations both before and during pregnancy are the same as those for the general population: 3000 milligrams a day. In some cases, there are medical reasons to restrict the amount of sodium in your diet. Talk with your doctor if you are unsure about your sodium intake.

Alcohol

It is important not to drink alcohol both if you are planning to get pregnant and if you are pregnant. Alcohol exposure during early fetal development can cause serious problems for your baby.

Artificial Sweeteners

  • Preconception It is safe to use any artificial sweetener on the market.
  • Pregnancy The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved aspartame, acesulfame-K and sucralose for use during pregnancy. Check with your doctor before using other artificial sweeteners.

Folic Acid

  • Preconception It is important to get enough folic acid, or folate, before you become pregnant. Begin adding 400 micrograms a day prior to conception to reduce risks of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida and anencephaly.
  • Pregnancy During pregnancy, increase your folic acid consumption to 600 micrograms a day.
  • Breastfeeding While breastfeeding, make sure to get 500 micrograms of folic acid a day.

Iron

  • Preconception Between the ages of 14 and 18, you need 15 milligrams of iron a day. Between 19 and 50 years of age, you should get 18 milligrams of iron a day.
  • Pregnancy During pregnancy you need more iron and should get 27 milligrams a day. Some women suffer from anemia and need even more iron, up to 60 milligrams a day as directed by their doctor.
  • Breastfeeding While breastfeeding you don’t need as much iron and can reduce your intake to 9 milligrams a day, 10 milligrams a day if you are 18 years or younger.

Do not take your prenatal vitamin or iron at the same time as calcium.

Zinc

  • Preconception Between the ages of 14 and 18 you need 9 milligrams of zinc a day. Between 19 and 50 years of age, you should get 8 milligrams of zinc a day.
  • Pregnancy During pregnancy you need more zinc and should get 11 milligrams a day, 13 milligrams if you are 18 years old or younger.
  • Breastfeeding While breastfeeding you should get 12 milligrams of zinc a day, 14 milligrams if you are 18 years old or younger.

Calcium

Before, during and after pregnancy while breastfeeding, you need the same amount of calcium, although it does vary slightly by age. If you are 18 years old or younger, you need 1300 milligrams a day. If you are between 19 and 50 years old, you need 1000 milligrams of calcium a day.

Do not take calcium at the same time that you take iron or your prenatal vitamin.

UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.

Recommended reading

Anemia and Pregnancy

During the last half of pregnancy, your body makes more red blood cells which can cause Anemia. Learn more about causes and prevention here.

Coping With Common Discomforts of Pregnancy

Pregnancy produces many physical changes. Aside from weight and body shape, other alterations in your body chemistry and function take place. Learn more.

Diabetes in Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies. Learn more.

Domestic Violence and Pregnancy

Domestic violence is the most common health problem among women during pregnancy. It greatly threatens both the mother’s and baby’s health. Learn more here.

Exercise During Pregnancy

Most women can, and should, engage in moderate exercise during pregnancy. Exercise can help you stay in shape and prepare your body for labor and delivery

FAQ: Prenatal Tests

Commonly asked questions regarding Prenatal Tests including, types available, positive screenings, diagnostic testing, health insurance coverage, and more.

HIV and Pregnancy

If you are pregnant, we recommend you be tested for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) even if you do not think you are at risk. Learn more here.

Recognizing Premature Labor

Premature labor occurs between the 20th and 37th week of pregnancy, when uterine contractions cause the cervix to open earlier than normal. Learn more.

Sex During Pregnancy

The pregnancy may alter how a woman and her partner feel about making love, and differences in sexual need may arise. Learn more here.

Substance Use During Pregnancy

While pregnant, it is best to eat well, stay healthy and avoid ingesting anything that might be harmful to the mother’s or baby’s health. Learn more.

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El embarazo y el parto seguros

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Information accesible para las y los trabajadores de la salud y las mujeres embarazadas en lugares de escasos recursos. La editorial que publica el manual de salud más utilizado en el mundo, Donde no hay doctor, lanza la única aplicación integral sobre el embarazo y el parto desarrollada específicamente para educadores de salud y futuras madres en zonas de escasos recursos. Esta información salva vidas se presenta de forma clara y con muchas ilustraciones además de contar con una navegación intuitiva y amigable, perfecta para apoyar a personas con diferentes niveles de lecto-escritura.

Esta aplicación es ideal para las personas que trabajan lado a lado con parteras y trabajadoras y trabajadores de salud comunitarios en países en vías de desarrollo. Una vez que la descargue, ya no se requiere de conexión al Internet para tener acceso a esta vital información.

El Embarazo y Parto Seguros contiene información para:
• mantenerse saludable durante el embarazo
• reconocer las señas de peligro durante el embarazo, el parto y después del parto
• saber qué hacer cuando se presenta una seña de peligro
• saber cuándo remitir a una mujer a cuidados de emergencia
• y contiene más de 20 instrucciones “paso a paso” que son muy prácticas

Con el reconocido de Heasperian-Gui de salud, esta aplicación desmitifica la información de salud y la presenta en un tono cálido y familiar.

Version 2.0.2

Apple ha actualizado esta app para mostrar el icono de la app Apple Watch.

Minor content changes. Built with up-to-date framework.

The developer of Hesperian Health Guides has not disclosed to Apple its privacy policy or data practices.

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