Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. Courtesy of Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library.
Mission San Gabriel was founded fourth in the chain on September 8, 1771, by Father Serra, near what would become the sprawling metropolis of Los Angeles. Named for the Arcángel Gabriel, the mission stands as a reminder of how earthquakes can affect the California missions. A powerful tremor in 1987 prompted a major restoration effort to reinforce the entire mission church. Earthquakes in 1804 and 1812 also damaged the mission complex.
Mission San Gabriel sits in the foothills just east of downtown Los Angeles. It served as a trade center, positioned at the crossroads of three important trails. Like its three predecessors, Mission San Gabriel was forced to move from its original site. In 1775, the mission was moved three miles to its present location, to improve conditions for planting and cultivating the fields. Mission San Gabriel grew to be the “Pride of the Missions”. Far more productive than any other missions in California, San Gabriel provided many of the other missions with the necessities of life from its land. Mission San Gabriel is credited with introducing large scale viticulture to California.
Architecturally, San Gabriel is distinct among the California missions. Father Antonio Cruzado, the designer, was born in Cordova, Spain. His Moorish style is unique, and draws directly from the famous cathedral of Cordova, where the side walls feature capped buttresses. Cruzado and his associates finished construction of the church in 1805, using adobe brick and a tiled roof like that of Mission San Antonio. At its peak, the mission reached nearly 300 feet in length.
The cemetery at San Gabriel is the oldest in Los Angeles County. The walls were rebuilt in 1940 using the original foundations, and this crucifix is a memorial to the 6,000 Indians buried here. An active Roman Catholic Church, weddings and other religious services continue to take place at Mission San Gabriel, as they did in the early days of California history.
From Inside the California Missions
© David A. Bolton
.. What is South San Gabriel?
South San Gabriel (eng. South San Gabriel ) is a statistically distinct area located in Los Angeles County (California, USA) with a population of 7595 people according to 2000 census statistics.
According to the US Census Bureau, the statistically isolated area of South San Gabriel has a total area of 2.07 square kilometers, there are no water resources within the boundaries of the settlement.
The South San Gabriel Statistically Separated Area is located at an altitude of 83 meters above sea level.
|Census year||Us.||% ±|
|1970-ND source: |
As of 2000 Census  South San Gabriel had a population of 7595 people, 1727 families, 2091 households and 2166 residences. The average population density was about 3516.0 people per square kilometer. Racial Composition South San Gabriel Census breakdown was: 11.72% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 1.17% Native American, 33.34% Asian, 0.20% Native American from the Pacific Islands, 4.24% — representatives of mixed races, 19.93% — other nationalities. Hispanic speakers made up from all residents of the statistically isolated area.
Of 2,091 households, 37.6% were raising children under the age of 18, 57.6% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.7% of the total number of families at the time of the census lived independently, while 6.5% were single elderly people aged 65 and over. The average household size was 3.52 people and the average family size was 3.85 people.
The population of the statistically isolated area according to the age range according to the 2000 census was distributed as follows: 25.0% — residents under 18 years old, 9.0% — between 18 and 24 years old, 29.0% — from 25 to 44 years old, 22.9% are 45 to 64 years old and 14.1% are 65 years of age or older. The average age of residents was 36 years. For every 100 women in 90,005 South San Gabriel 90,006, there were 95.5 men, while for every 100 women 18 and over, there were 93.5 men also over 18.
The median income per household in the statistically separated area was $51,136 and the median income per household was $50,451. At the same time, men had an average income of $35,598 per year compared to $30,091 of the average annual income for women. The per capita income for the statistically isolated area was $16,345 per year. 8.2% of all households in the county and 11.0% of the total population were below the poverty line at the time of the census, with 11. 6% of them under age 18 and 14.4% under age 65 and older.
Federalism Mexicano Dam (official name), better known as San Gabriel Dam, Dam is located in the municipality of Ocampo in the northern state of Durango in northwestern Mexico on the Rio Florido rivers.
Dams in Mexico
|Gulf of Mexico watershed||
|inf. at a distance of 5000 km||Rio Grande ( Rio Bravo del Norte )|
|inf. for 3000 km||Lerma Yaki|
|inf. At a distance of 1000 km||Aguanaval Balsas Conchos Grijalva Greater Santiago Nazas Panuco Papaloapan Usumacinta|
|inf. At a distance of 500 km||Sinaloa|
|inf. At a distance of 300 km||Ameca Baluarte Florida Hondo Nuevo Santa Cruz River Verde|