Nathan is a Christian Boy name and it is English originated name with multiple meanings. Nathan name meaning in Spanish is El (dios) ha dado. Nathan name meaning in Spanish, popularity and rank stands at and lucky number for Nathan is 4.
Nathan Spanish Meaning
|Meaning||He (god) has given|
|sentido||El (dios) ha dado|
Nathan Name Meaning in English
NOMBRES MÁS SIMILARES ( More Similar Names )
Christian Boy Names Starting with N
Nathan Significados conocidos en español — El significado del nombre es El (dios) ha dado. Este es el nombre del Chico. Las raíces y los orígenes del nombre están vinculados con la lengua árabe. Significado del nombre es el bien y el padre puede dar nombre Nathan a su Chico recién nacida. Incluso se puede sugerir este nombre a los que van a ser padres pronto. HamariWeb proporciona nombres y sus significados para los padres que están encontrando nombre único y su significado para su bebé recién nacido. niños christian y niñas diccionario de nombres y sus significados en español con el número afortunado incluyendo lo que es el significado de Nathan.
Interesting Names Blogs
Baby Names Born in January 2023
If you expect your little bundle of joy to arrive this month, you may be looking for January baby names. The new year begins in January, bringing with it a slew of new resolutions and goals. This month falls in the middle of winter, when temperatures are mild and pleasant. All of us want the best for our kids and the best for them to be at the top of their game.
Baby Girl Names Born in January
January is all about rebirth since, after all, a new year is beginning. And for some, it will also mark the start of a new and much more difficult journey: parenting. Choosing a baby name for your January baby is one of the first tasks on the list, and if you’re having trouble getting past it, we have some suggestions for Baby Girl names born in January
Baby Name Born on New Year
New Year’s Eve is all about new beginnings and new starts. A new year, like a fresh coat of snow on the ground, represents a new look at a world that now appears to be a little bit different, a little bit better and brighter. New Year’s Eve is a time for people to come together, reflect on the past, and embrace the future by moving forward.
Christian Baby Name Born on New Year
You will undoubtedly hear news about the first baby to be born in 2023, just as you will undoubtedly see the ball drop on New Year’s Eve. Give your child one of these special New Year’s baby names if your due date is December 31 or January 1 and there’s a chance the baby may be yours. Additionally, keep in mind that you are entitled to a celebratory New Year’s beverage or mocktail regardless of when you give birth.
Hindu Baby Name Born on New Year
The New Year brought you more than its fair share of joy. We’ve compiled a list of Hindu baby names born on New Year for boys and girls for you to consider as you welcome your new baby or eagerly await the opportunity to become a mother. These represent all things new, such as new beginnings, a new dawn, and sparkling new.
Baby Boy Names Born in December
Baby names for December are frequently confused with names for Christmas. However, there are other options for December babies besides festive names. Baby names for December are frequently confused with names for Christmas, Hanukkah, or Kwanzaa. However, there are other options for December boy besides festive names. One strategy for approaching the difficult task of choosing a baby name is to draw inspiration from the boy’s names that have historically proven to be most popular for infants born in the month of December.
Etsy is no longer supporting older versions of your web browser in order to ensure that user data remains secure. Please update to the latest version.
Click to zoom
5 out of 5 stars
Listed on Nov 12, 2022
Report this item to Etsy
Choose a reason…There’s a problem with my orderIt uses my intellectual property without permissionI don’t think it meets Etsy’s policiesChoose a reason…
The first thing you should do is contact the seller directly.
If you’ve already done that, your item hasn’t arrived, or it’s not as described, you can report that to Etsy by opening a case.
Report a problem with an order
We take intellectual property concerns very seriously, but many of these problems can be resolved directly by the parties involved. We suggest contacting the seller directly to respectfully share your concerns.
If you’d like to file an allegation of infringement, you’ll need to follow the process described in our Copyright and Intellectual Property Policy.
Review how we define handmade, vintage and supplies
See a list of prohibited items and materials
Read our mature content policy
The item for sale is…
not vintage (20+ years)
not craft supplies
prohibited or that use prohibited materials
not properly labeled as mature content
Please choose a reason
Tell us more about how this item violates our policies.Tell us more about how this item violates our policies.
Names for the letter
┃ ▼ ▲ L m H O P R C T F C 900 E E 0 Sh 0 Sh. 0011
Short form of Nathan. Nat, Neith, Tan.
The name Nathan in Hebrew means “given”, “gifted” (it is understood that “given by God”). In the Bible it sounds like Nathan, this name was borne by one of the Old Testament prophets.
In terms of meaning, the name Nathan is almost identical to the name Nathaniel and has a common semantic root. Nathaniel is interpreted as «God gave», «gift of God», «given by God». Sometimes the name Nathan is used as an affectionate term for Nathaniel. nine0006
Also close in meaning are the names Theodor / Fedor (“given by God”, “God’s gift”), Theodosius (“given by God”), Matvey (“given by God”), Fedot (“given, donated”), Bogdan (“given God”, “Gifted by God”, “Gift of God”).
The name Nathan is widespread among Catholics, less common among Orthodox.
A man named Nathan is somewhat secretive and reserved, often shy. However, these qualities do not prevent him from striving for self-expression and communication. If necessary, he is active, seems cheerful and careless, does not like any restrictions. For him, action and change are necessary, he welcomes various changes and adventures. But there is also a somewhat gloomy or pessimistic person in him, prone to asking himself existential questions and looking for fundamental answers. nine0006
Nathan has a quick and sharp analytical mind, but his skepticism often makes him sarcastic or derisive. First of all, this man is looking for independence and freedom. In life, he prefers to go easy ways, but if he wants, he can work hard. Nathan’s behavior is often confusing, he can seem like an original because he doesn’t like to follow the same path as others.
In childhood, he must be brought up with a certain severity, it is imperative to instill in him the concepts of work and discipline and correct the tendency to choose simple solutions. Nathan will often show himself as an impatient, short-tempered and vain boy. In principle, this is a cunning and witty child who needs attention and care. Physical and play activities attract him more than logical fabrications, so it would be wise to closely monitor his school work and academic progress. nine0006
His aspirations draw him to action, sport or adventure, and the unknown is especially attractive and stimulating for him. If, by chance, Nathan is drawn to the field of intellectual studies, it will most likely be ethnology, archeology, or philosophy, as well as the latest methods of research, or perhaps science fiction.
Nathan loves to have fun, laugh and enjoy the joys of life. In love, he succeeds because he knows how to be charming and charming. But he often feels that he is not understood. This is a rather modest man who hardly expresses his innermost feelings. nine0006
Often Nathan will change his professional field, because he does not like monotony. Therefore, he prefers professions where his communication skills can be most in demand (sales, trade, advertising, marketing). He is very attracted to any job related to travel, games or sports (commercial director, sportscaster). Oral professions are also suitable for him (actor, comedian, journalist, lawyer, writer).
Nathan does not celebrate his birthday. Nathan Levinson in the same category, as well as 7 times in the category «for the best special effects.»)
Did the description match name? Leave a comment!
(or log in if you are registered on the forum)
Discussing the description of the name Nathan
Added on 08/24/2021 at 11:54 AM
All this is the same. I celebrate my birthday always.
Reply Reply with quote
Discuss on the forum
Link to name description!
Interesting about the names
The most beautiful female names
modes on the name of
View more 〉
Upcoming name days
December 30 Alexander Anisya Greta Daniil Danil Denis Ivan Margarita Marcel Nikita Nikolai Petr
December 31 Alan Vera Victor Vladimir Georgiy Elizaveta Zoya Ivan Ilya Karina Cornelius Lisa Mark Martin (Martyn) Melania Mikhail Nikolai Pavlina Polina Sevastyan Semyon Sergei Sonya Sofya Fyodor Floor Hilary
January 1 Aglaya Wilhelm Grigory Ilya Timofei Ustin
January 2 Aida Anita Daniel Danil Ivan Macarius Odette Franz Franciska Charlotte
January 3 Gordey Daniel Mikhail Pedro Stefania Teona Ulyana
January 4 Anastasia Anzhela Dmitry Elizaveta Lisa Fyodor Eliza
January 5 Vasily David Ivan Karl Klim Makar Pavel Franz Eduard
Male and female names, meaning of names. Name day calendar.
Nathan’s name day is missing. The patron saint of men named Nathan is the prophet Nathan, who lived during the time of Kings David and Solomon, one of the authors of the books of Kings.
Meaning of the name Nathan
Nathan means «given, donated» (this is a translation of the name Nathan from the Hebrew language).
Origin of the name Nathan
Analysis of the mystery of the name Nathan makes sense to start with its origin. The history of the name Nathan has Jewish roots. It came from the Hebrew name Nathan, which literally translates as «given, donated.»
What does the name Nathan mean according to B. Higir
In accordance with the interpretation of the name Nathan according to B.Higir in childhood, the bearers of this name do not cause any trouble. They are calm and obedient, study well, do not conflict with their peers, and are reasonable. They play music, like to draw, play chess. They look like their mother both externally and in character. These are enthusiastic people, kind and affectionate, but indecisive. Winter Nathans, on the contrary, are stubborn and persistent, pragmatic. Men with this name have golden hands, among them there are many artisans. They are diligent and carry out any task to the end. They are accommodating husbands and good fathers (usually sons and extremely rarely daughters). There are no leaders in Natana’s family; they completely trust their wife in housekeeping. Because of their indecision, they do not get married for a long time, but after getting married, they live with their parents. Picky in food, but squeamish. Very hospitable. Nathans can’t stand braggarts and don’t like to brag themselves. Responsive and ready to help without demanding anything in return. There are many spineless men among the summer Nathans. nine0006
Characteristics of the name Nathan according to N. Zagovorova
According to the description of the name Nathan according to N. Zagovorova, its owner shows great promise already in early childhood. Excellent learner, obedient, diligent. Always does a little more than what is actually required. Certainly Nathan reveals some talent: he is either a chess player or an artist.
Alas, very often these bright hopes do not come true. Nathan’s character doesn’t deteriorate in any way, but nothing happens either. Nathan is indecisive. He would have done something out of the ordinary, but the first thought that visits him is the fear: “But nothing will come of this?”. nine0006
The nature of the name Nathan is such that he is a keen, kind, affectionate person. He has
golden hands. He loves his children very much, completely trusts his wife, is hospitable, sympathetic.
Derivatives of the name Nathan
Variations of the name Nathan:
Diminutive name Nathan:
Natanchik, Natanushka, Tan, Tanchik.
Name Nathan in different languages
The sound of the name Nathan betrays a straight man, but far from harsh. There is a clear sense of balance in his energy, but this is the balance of a stretched string, which makes Nathan a rather sensitive person. Given the fact that a person with this name is usually endowed with a balanced, but still significant pride, one can expect that Nathan’s sensitivity to external influences will make him rather touchy. However, Nathan, who is not at all prone to aggression, is unlikely to react too actively to resentment, rather, he will simply begin to withdraw into himself, and in relations with such people, ice will appear in his tone. nine0006
In general, many Nathans are characterized by a certain coldness in their relationships with others, although this does not in the least concern close people. In the family circle or among real friends, he is usually known as a very sincere person who knows how to sympathize and sympathize. The only exceptions are those families where there is no genuine intimacy between the spouses: here Nathan can continue to wear his ice mask and even turn into a rather irritable person due to his excitability.
Often, Nathan is endowed with certain creative abilities, but he rarely manages to realize them in any profession. To do this, he lacks the ability to put himself in a team and excessive touchiness. It’s a pity. In the end, everything can turn out much better if he stops reacting so painfully to criticism, gains more self-confidence and learns to relate with humor to the barbs of colleagues or competitors.
nine0005 The rare name Nathan is calm and balanced. It is not very popular in our country, but in vain, because this word carries positive energy, devoid of aggression or excessive softness.
The name Nathan is of Hebrew origin. This word means «given by God», «gift of God».
It was originally pronounced «Nathan». The name is mentioned several times in the Bible. So, Nathan (Nathan) was the name of the prophet, who is credited with the authorship of one of the four Old Testament books of Kings. nine0006
The word Natalya, similar in sound to Nathan, has nothing to do with him. This female name is of ancient Roman, not Hebrew origin, and in translation it means “native”, and not “bestowed by God”.
Abbreviated or affectionately Nathan can be called:
Two related names, which are also of Hebrew origin, Nathanael and Nathaniel. Many consider the word Nathan to be just their short form, but still it is an independent name. nine0006
Nathan — a balanced and calm name
Nath (Nat) — a popular abbreviation of the name Nathan in the USA. At baptism, the boy is given the name Nathanael or Bartholomew.
In the international passport, according to the latest transliteration rules, the name is written as NATAN.
The daughter of such a man will have a middle name Natanovna, and the son — Natanovich. nine0006
Men with a patronymic Natanovich are distinguished by calmness and non-conflict. They are deep in themselves, seem completely inert, but if necessary, they can demonstrate strong will and perseverance. Close girls, whose middle name is Natanovna, know about their warmth, sincerity and emotionality. Such young ladies seem fragile, but when they light up with some business, they can move mountains.
Nathan himself is best suited for these middle names:
Natans usually celebrate name days together with Nathanael and Bartholomew on the days of veneration of saints:
Bartholomew (Nathanael) from Cana is one of the apostles of Jesus Christ. Together with the Apostle Philip, he preached in Syria and the cities of Asia Minor. Saints healed the sick, freed the demon-possessed from spirits. The apostles endured many persecutions. After Philip’s death, Bartholomew went to India and Armenia.
Apostle Bartholomew (Nathanael) — the patron saint of men with the name Nathan
Positive qualities possessed by the energy of the name Nathan:0006
The character of such a man may also show negative traits:
Nathan grows up as a calm and obedient boy. He is inquisitive, interested in different countries, enjoys studying children’s encyclopedias. He likes to read fairy tales, imagining himself the hero of one of them. This child is diligent, he likes games in which you need to think and reason. nine0006
The boy with the biblical name Nathan is calm and inquisitive, he loves to read very much
Little Natanchik is easy to educate. His character often shows traits that he inherits from his mother. He is sensitive, constantly needs the encouragement of his parents. Praise motivates the boy to achieve new successes.
This child does not like to study, but he acquires knowledge quite quickly and easily. Thanks to his sharp mind, Nathan becomes one of the best students in the class without putting much effort into it. With classmates and teachers, he has a calm and even relationship. nine0006
At a young age, Nathan becomes more self-confident. Strong-willed character helps the guy achieve great success. He can be stubborn, but at the same time tactful. This is a prudent and balanced young man who is almost impossible to piss off.
The young bearer of this name is versatile. Nathan is calm and reasonable, he is not used to solving problems with his fists.
This sensitive and good-natured guy is able to do good deeds, while it does not matter to him whether he was asked for help or not. Such behavior usually harms the relationship of a young man with others, and does not strengthen them. nine0006
Boris Khigir notes that a man named Nathan is efficient and accommodating. This person is usually indecisive (especially if he was born in the summer), does not seek leadership and power. Responsive, often helps others just like that, out of good intentions.
According to Khigir, Nathan is kind and sympathetic, this man is used to selflessly helping others.
Dmitry and Nadezhda Zima see directness in the energy of this name, but not sharp, but calm, balanced. At the same time, in many ways, Nathan’s internal state resembles a stretched string — it is at rest, but at the same time, the slightest movement can shake it. nine0010 Such a man is very sensitive and touchy, he is distinguished by painful pride.
This person usually does not respond to aggression; instead of retaliatory actions, he simply withdraws into himself. Because of this peculiarity in society, Nathan often hides his true face behind a mask of cold indifference.
Nathan may have inherited illnesses. As a child, the boy often suffers from colds and various viral diseases, it is important to strengthen his immunity from an early age. Possible blood problems. nine0006
N — are critical of everything they see and hear. They usually lead a healthy lifestyle. They take their job responsibilities with great responsibility. There are two of these signs in the name Nathan, so their influence is doubled.
A — leadership, activity, constant need for self-development. Two letters in the name mean strengthening of the listed qualities.
T — creative, talented, resourceful and diversified.
The name Nathan is a palindrome, meaning it reads the same from left to right and vice versa. In addition to being interesting and funny, this fact is a sign of a balanced character.
Nathan is a person of mood. He is responsible and executive, but if such a man considers that he needs to rest, it is important to give him such an opportunity. In solitude, this person recuperates and is inspired to new achievements. nine0006
Nathan is predisposed to work that requires constant contact with people. He can realize his abilities in the following professions:
Often this man chooses a profession that will not lose its relevance even after many years. But development is important for him in life, if he wishes, he is quite capable of finding additional sources of income. nine0006
Nathan can become a good lawyer
A person with this name is usually endowed with creative abilities. If Nathan is able to discover his talents and develop them, then he may well contribute to the art. At the same time, it is important that the activity is individual (playwright, independent artist, writer).
Diligence and diligence are not empty words for Nathan. Often he devotes his life to one cause that can provide him with a carefree old age. It is better for him to open a business with a decisive and energetic partner, so that, if necessary, he can balance Nat’s indecision.
Nathan is a multifaceted person. He loves outdoor activities and extreme sports. He loves to relax in nature in the company, he likes swimming and fishing. She enjoys traveling and discovering the world.
Rhymes for the name Nathan: titan, chestnut, fountain, captain, sultan.
According to Khigir, such a man is close to various ways of a quiet pastime. Nathan is passionate about music and creates paintings. He loves and knows how to play intellectual games, such as chess. nine0006
Mind games are one of Nathan’s main hobbies.
The owner of this name likes stately women, calm and wise.
Nathan has little interest in peers, he is attracted to more experienced ladies. This man is indecisive, but falling in love, he shows amazing perseverance, seeking the location of the girl. nine0006
Nathan will find his happiness with a calm and wise woman
Nathan is not in a hurry to get married. He believes that a man should be able to provide for his family. Such a person perfectly copes with the duties of a caring father and an attentive spouse. Likes order and homeliness. He is not afraid of responsibility, usually takes the reins of government in his own hands. He expects love and respect from his wife and children, as to the head of the family.
Nathan is an absolutely non-confrontational person. He likes to organize holidays with his family and friends. This is a real homebody, accustomed to comfort, so he can build harmonious relationships with the same calm and economic woman. nine0006
Nathan, who was born in one of the winter months, has a sense of purpose, perseverance and endurance. Such a man is pragmatic, disciplined and prudent, but from time to time he can be arrogant and stubborn. He usually devotes himself entirely to his work.
Winter Nathan is distinguished by purposefulness and perseverance.
Spring Nathan is wayward, creative and talented. He always has a lot of ideas that he strives to implement as quickly as possible. Does not seek to become a leader, does not need fame. nine0010 This man is used to stability, he is hard to adapt to change.
Treats new acquaintances with extreme caution and distrust.
Springtime Nathan is creative, capricious and cautious in dealing with new acquaintances. They are not afraid to take risks. Perseverance and determination contribute to the success and career growth of such men. Quite touchy, but easy-going. Their good nature and openness help to win the trust of others and maintain warm relations in the family. nine0006
Summer Nathan is good-natured and open
Autumn Nathan is industrious, resourceful and enterprising. He does not tend to commit reckless actions, since in matters he is guided solely by reason. Responsible and attentive in work, often takes initiative. Gets along well with children, has a weakness for animals.
Autumn Nathan enterprising, hardworking and attentive
Famous men who bear this rare name:
Nathan Javai — Australian basketball player Nathan Jones — Australian actor, wrestler Nathan Englander — American writer Nathan Mirow — Russian rapper Nathan Söderblom — Swedish priest, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Nathan Fillion — Canadian actor Nathan Strauss — American industrialist, philanthropist Natan Sharansky — Soviet human rights activist, Israeli statesman and public figure Natan Adrian — American swimmer
Nathan is sociable, good-natured and compliant, you can always agree on anything with him. However, in extreme circumstances, he can be stubborn and go against everyone. This man is strict but fair. In a controversial situation, he will not go over to the individual.
Choosing a name for your child is always a very responsible step for parents, because since ancient times people know what effect it has on all aspects of a person’s future life: health, talents, inclinations and even fate. It is not for nothing that, according to the Christian tradition, the baby was given the name of the saint, during the period of honoring which he was born, thereby providing the child with the highest protection and support, and also endowing the name of the patron with the qualities. Therefore, before making a choice, it is worth finding out what qualities the owner of the name is endowed with. For example, consider the well-known and fairly common name Nathan, the origin, meaning and characteristics of which are worthy of the attention of parents. nine0006
Nathan — a very ancient name of Jewish origin, translated from Hebrew means «given by God.» Nathan’s patron is Nathan. He is known for instructing King David on the righteous path and educating Solomon in piety, who also later became the king revered by the Jewish people. He was also one of the authors of the first and second books of Kings (historical books of the Old Testament).
The owner of this name is endowed with a peaceful, calm and balanced character. As a rule, he has a high sense of duty and is a very responsible person. What other qualities does Nathan have? The meaning of the name tells that he really is a «gift of God» for his loved ones, you can always count on him, because his word is not an empty phrase. Nathan’s prudence and endurance help him avoid sharp and conflict situations. Before doing something, he first thinks it over and weighs everything well, and only then makes a decision. By nature, he is a kind and sympathetic person. Nathan, whose name meaning is discussed in this article, really has wonderful human qualities. Despite outward calm, he is very vulnerable. Nathan’s stiffness and a certain detachment are sometimes mistaken for snobbery, but this is not so, just natural modesty makes him somewhat withdrawn. However, when it comes to truth or justice, Nathan can be assertive and even tough. nine0072
Nathan grows up as a quiet and calm child, delighting his parents with obedience and good studies. The elders do not have to blush for him, because from an early age he is distinguished by prudence and responsibility. Despite a certain isolation, the boy maintains excellent relations with his peers, since he is completely non-conflict. Nathan possesses, he loves music and feels great about it, he can also show a talent for the visual arts. In general, the owner of this name is a creative person, and in this field he can achieve high results. nine0006
Nathan has a kind heart, he sympathizes and empathizes with other people’s grief, so parents should prepare for the fact that abandoned puppies and kittens will appear in the house. If a friend needs help, then Nathan will be the first to come to the rescue, the meaning of whose name gives the boy such wonderful qualities as loyalty and reliability. Because of this, he has a large circle of friends.
Fate is generally favorable to Nathan, because he is not lazy, knows what he wants, and works hard to achieve results. It is often said of such people: «He made himself.» And, indeed, thanks to his responsibility, decency and diligence, Nathan becomes an indispensable employee. In any field of activity, he can achieve high results, because he simply does not know how to do a bad job. Everything that Nathan undertakes, he brings to the end. He does not strive for leadership at any cost, and if he becomes the boss, then it is quite deserved. nine0006
In the family, he prefers relationships on an equal footing and does not press with male authority, he is an excellent partner and friend. Nathan, whose name meaning is presented to your attention in the article, is wonderful as a spouse. He is faithful to his wife, you can rely on him in any situation. Calm and self-possessed, Nathan becomes a wonderful father who will spare no time and effort for his children. He will always find an opportunity to patiently answer all the questions of the child, play with him and help him learn the lessons. Parents and older relatives are also covered by Nathan’s care. In a word, the owner of this name is really a wonderful person. nine0006
The male name Nathan, which has Hebrew roots, has several synonyms: Nathan (as it looked in the Church Slavonic language), Nafanya, Nathanael, Nathanael. Its full form, now obsolete, is Nathanael. Linguists claim that it is first found in the Bible. The name Nathan is translated as «given to them (by the Lord)», «given to them (by the Lord)». Note that neither in the Catholic nor in the Orthodox calendar is this name, because the short form Nathan is not found in the Bible. For this reason, the bearer does not celebrate his name day. However, it is customary to identify the name Nathan with the name Nathanael, which is highly revered by the followers of the Christian religion. The most famous owner of this name is the Apostle Bartholomew, he is sometimes called Nathanil. This one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ is famous for being martyred by flaying. In Israel, there is the city of Netanya, named after Nathan Strauss, a famous American humanist. nine0006
As already noted, the name Nathan means «given to them», this is one of the rare names pointing to the Creator. Interestingly, men with the name Anatoly, who are going to permanent residence in Israel, are advised to take the second «Hebrew» name — Nathan. Linguistic scientists, when considering the phonosemantics of the name Nathan, give him the following definitions: majestic and simple.
The man named so is easy to communicate, but somewhat conceited, which sometimes repels people. If you turn a blind eye to Nathan’s narcissism, then you can build a good relationship with him. A person who bears this name has such features as unpretentiousness and detachment. He does not pursue comfort in everyday life, he does not need culinary delights, but he is rather squeamish. For him, cleanliness is a very important trait, he will never get close to a sloppy person. Nathan is generous and zealous at the same time. He can give a lot of money to charity, but save on his own food. It combines opposite qualities: kindness to loved ones and a detached attitude towards strangers. For his relatives, Nathan does not regret anything, in general, he begins to understand the value of the family from childhood. A man loves children, dreaming of a large number of them.